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Foot Protection, It Stands To Reason!

Protective footwear worn in the workplace is designed to protect the foot from physical hazards such as falling objects, stepping on sharp objects, heat and cold, wet and slippery surfaces, or exposure to corrosive chemicals.

There are two major categories of work-related foot injuries. The first category includes foot injuries from punctures, crushing, sprains, and lacerations. They account for 10 percent of all reported disabling injuries. The second group of injuries includes those resulting from slips, trips, and falls. They account for 15 percent of all reported disabling injuries. Slips and falls do not always result in a foot injury but lack of attention to foot safety plays an important role in their occurrence.

 
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Safety Footwear Standards Explained EN345/EN ISO 20345:2011
What you wear on your feet really matters. Getting the right footwear will make life safer and easier. Employers are legally responsible for providing the correct footwear. Protect now.

The safety footwear standard is referred as EN345, EN ISO 20345:2011, and EN ISO 20345:2011. All footwear designed before 2011 and still manufactured up to today carries EN ISO 20345:2001. EN ISO 20345:2011 is the latest standard for footwear designed or retested after 2011. The EN ISO 20345:2011 standard sets out minimum requirements that safety footwear must be successfully tested against. The standard specifies all safety footwear must have toe protection. In addition to different protective features footwear represented by a combination of letters.
 
BS EN 345 Safety Footwear - Highest protection. Toecaps tested to 200 Joule, Classified as S.
SB The rating SB indicates that the safety footwear has a 200 joule toe protection, it can have additional features but it is the most basic of safety footwear.
SB-P SB-P has the same features as the SB rating with the adition of the midsole penetration protection this can be a stainless steel insert in the sole, aluminum insert in the sole or by Kevlar insole.
S1 S1 in addition to 200 joule toe cap, is classed as antistatic footwear the sole is also resistant to fuel oil and has energy absorption in the heel area.
S1-P S1-P has the same features as the S1 rating with the addition of the midsole penertration protection this can be a stainless steel insert in the sole, aluminum insert in the sole or by Kevlar insole.
S2 S2 in addition to 200 joule toe cap, is classed as antistatic footwear the sole is also resistant to fuel oil and has energy absorption in the heel area it also has a water resistant upper
S3 S3 has the same features as the S2 rating with the addition of the midsole penetration protection this can be a stainless steel insert in the sole, aluminum insert in the sole or by Kevlar insole.
S4 S4 in addition to 200 joule toe cap, is classed as antistatic footwear the sole is also resistant to fuel oil and has energy absorption in the heel area it is waterproof none as leak proof
S5 S5 has the same features as the S4 rating with the addition of the midsole penetration protection this can be a stainless steel insert in the sole, aluminum insert in the sole or by Kevlar insole.
     
Toe Protection (SB)
Your toes are a very vulnerable part of your body, especially in a work place. Toe protection must withstand a 200 joule impact. Joule is the unit of energy and this standard is purposefully specific. Something heavy falling from a low height could have a lot less energy than something lighter from a much higher height. As well as impacts the toe area must withstand a resting mass of well over 1000kg.

Antistatic Protection (A)
Clothing, seating materials, and climate factors can cause a build up a static charge of electricity in the body. Some materials in footwear can over insulate the body causing the charge to be held. When you then touch something the charge can rush from your body quickly causing a spark and a small uncomfortable shock. Antistatic footwear will significantly reduce this effect but does not offer full protection for exposure to electronics and explosives work. You will need Electro-Static Protection (ESD) for this.

Midsole Penetration Protection (P) - SB-P, S1-P, S3, S5
Sharp objects where we walk and stand are significant risk not only in the workplace but also outdoors and at home. Midsole protection will guard against nails and other objects. To meet this standard the footwear must be able to resist a penetration force of 1100N. Midsole protection is provided in one of these methods: a stainless steel insert in the sole, aluminium insert in the sole, or by Kevlar insole. The Aluminum and Kevlar solutions are the most flexible and lightest and cover the greatest area of the foot. Kevlar insoles also offer much higher thermal insulation.
     
Additional Safety Features: Should these products offer some extra protective feature, then the appropriate symbol woud be added.
P Penetration resistance offered by a steel midsole: 1100 Newtons HI Insulation against heat WRU Water penetration and water absorption resistant uppers
C Conductive footwear CI Insulation against cold HRO Heat resistant outsole up to 300°C
A Antistatic footwear. Range 100k to 1000m E Heel energy absorption: 20 joules ORO Oil resistant outsole
     
All safety footwear can have more features than are listed above but these are the minimum requirements to meet each of the safety ratings, So you could have a S1 CI or S1 HI. We have listed the main ratings above there are more but these are the most common.
 
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